[ Free Best ] The Oral Art and Literature of the Kazakhs of Russian Central Asia Author Thomas G. Winner – Vansonphu.com

The Oral Art and Literature of the Kazakhs of Russian Central Asia Criticism and history on the art, literature, and folklore of the KazakhsIn this work Winner has contributed to the long delayed rapprochement between folklore and anthropology by compiling Kazakh folkloristic data and relating them to the sociocultural system in which they are meaningful, In so doing, he has made a significant contribution to anthropological knowledge Utilizing both original and Russian sources, Winner considers Kazakh oral art and literature in relation to the changing fortunes of Kazakh history Focal attention is paid to the many acculturative forces which have impinged upon the Kazakhs, such as the early modifications of Islam by the nomadic Kazakh, the Russian attempts to sedentarize these nomads, the Russian establishment of non Kazakh farmers in Kazakh territory, and the several nationalistic rebellions of the Kazakhs against Russian dominance The rich and plentiful Kazakh oral art is shown to reflect these social and political vicissitudesSimilarly, Kazakh folklore is examined in relation to such basic features of Kazakh culture as polygyny, the subordinate role of women, bride wealth, the levirate, and the patriarchal family structure In this respect, the examples of didactic children s tales are particularly pertinent One of the most valuable portions of this book carries the primitive Kazakhs through their violent and sometimes grotesque Soviet era While the author s approach to this period is historical rather than analytic, students of acculturation will find much of value here At one point, this historical perspective even lends a touch of tragicomedy, as we find the fiercely independent Kazakhs exalting Lenin and Stalin as Kazakh epic heroes and note the concern of Kazakh oral art with how best to slay Nazi invadersSeveral sections concerned with biographical sketches of poets, bards, and writers, have little general anthropological relevance, but the information about Valikhanov, Altynsaryn and Qunanbayev will be of interest to the specialist Further, it is interesting to note that the Petrashevsky exiles in Kazakhstan included ButaslevichPetrashevski himself, Durov, and Dostoevski These men and others, including Pushkin, stimulated the growth of the nascent Kazakh intelligentsia This work is descriptive rather than analytic The author presents data, he conducts no theoretical polemics although he provides several suggestive insights, he is not concerned with theory qua theory The text is amply footnoted, but it is regrettable that a bibliography is not included This volume, then, stands as a source book for general studies of acculturation It will also be an important new source of material for Kazakh and Russian area specialists Perhaps its greatest ultimate value will be found to lie in its relation of the data of folklore to the processes of cultural change Robert B Edgerton, UCLA

About the Author: Thomas G. Winner

Thomas Gustav Winner 3 May 1917, Prague 20 April 2004, Cambridge, Massachusetts was an eminent American slavist and semiotician.Winner established the first American semiotics center at Brown University, Rhode Island, USA He was also an associate professor in Russian Language and Literature at Duke University, North Carolina, USA.He was a well known Chekhov specialist, and a proponent of Tartu Moscow semiotics school.

10 thoughts on “The Oral Art and Literature of the Kazakhs of Russian Central Asia

  1. Bubba Bubba says:

    The parts of this I read were pretty fascinating, particularly when trad Kazakh poetry was employed to sing Vladi Lenin s praises.

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